ICT trends and evolution
Technologies undoubtedly have the capacity to shape a different future. In fact, technological innovations have always set the pace of change in society. It is worth highlighting what will be (in the opinion of some experts) some fundamental characteristics of ICT technologies
in the coming years since they are the basis on which the new services of the Information Society will be able to evolve. It must be considered that there are many new capabilities expected from ICT in the next decade, and as in any innovative sector, making a forecast always presents a degree of uncertainty.
However, there is a general consensus among experts on the following trends:
1. Increased processing capacity of devices: ability to perform complex tasks in real time
2. High capacity broadband
3. Ubiquitous and transparent connectivity in which diverse technologies converge
4. Intuitive, personalized (based on user knowledge and past use), and context-based device and service interfaces that make technology "transparent" and complement people's capabilities
5. Increasing facilities to digitize our lives and manage their storage: photos, videos, conversations, relationships ...
6. Augmented reality: digital information that mixes with reality
7. Nanotechnology, biotech and biomachines
8. Increase in artificial intelligence mechanisms that improve access to information and knowledge, the provision of services to the user "butler style"
9. Multiplicity of devices that make use of services that reside on the network in a transparent way
10. Device miniaturization and battery improvements: ultra-portable and more autonomous devices
All these technologies will lead to a change in the habits of citizens who will stop seeing their relationship with ICT as something specific limited to specific situations, to be seen as something habitual and transparent, in which the user will access a service without worrying about what type of connection is available, and not even at what time you connect or disconnect to the Internet.
All this will lead to a new citizen-technology relationship that will be marked by the following points:
1. Information will be accessed from anywhere, at any time and with a variety of devices:
1. At a technological level, mobile devices will be the main Internet connection tool for most people in 2020. Mobile phones, with relative computing power, will be the main tool, and in certain cases it will be the only connection tool for a part of the world population since it allows the user to be connected at a relatively low price.
2. Thanks to the convergence of networks, the device will connect to the "most efficient" network at all times, and all this will be done in a transparent way for the user. Of course the access will be broadband.
3. This ubiquitous broadband will be an enabler of structural change for both business and innovation. Thanks to this, new organizational forms will emerge.
2. It will be a hyper-connected society:
1. While some believe that hyperconnection will offer more freedom, flexibility, better mental health and a positive improvement in life, others express their fears about mobility and ubiquity, as the boundary between personal life and professional life will be blurred.
2. The evolution of the Internet will also have an impact on the way of relating to each other: it will allow a better understanding of the other and will increase the transparency of people and organizations. In 2020, people will be more likely to share personal information, opinions and emotions over the Internet and the public notion of privacy will have changed, while at the same time being protected and threatened by emerging innovations.
3. Society's relationship with information and communication technology will be carried out in a more "natural" way, thus integrating into its day-to-day activities:
1. Touch and voice recognition-based Internet interfaces will prevail and be accepted in 2020. By then, the most commonly used communication devices will incorporate voice recognition.
2. In addition, new technologies based on tactile feedback will have been fully developed and, for example, a small Internet access terminal will allow a virtual full keyboard to be deployed and used on any surface for those moments when you do not want to "talk" to the terminal. It will also be common to see people typing in the air on a projected keyboard.
3. Virtual worlds and augmented reality will be popular formats thanks to the rapid evolution of natural and intuitive technological interfaces.