How to make a correct sustainable management of technology

On the other hand, the author establishes a classification of the types of technology based on the process and basis of their generation:

1.            Artisanal technologies : includes those technologies of ancient origin that do not use sophisticated means for their execution, since, generally, it is carried out manually. As examples we can highlight: goldsmithing and carpentry.

2.            Traditional technologies : refers to technologies that have not had a scientific foundation, but are the result of the continuous evolution of ingenuity and the experience acquired over the years. As examples we can highlight: textile technology and printing.

3.            Science-based technologies : are all those technologies that have required scientific knowledge as the basis for their emergence and development. An example is: the car.

4.            Evolutionary technologies : are those that appeared at a certain point in history and have evolved over time, adapting to new circumstances and socioeconomic needs. A typical example is: the steam engine.

5.            Non-evolutionary technologies : they are those that arise with a solution of continuity of what has been achieved in the past, like a leap that completely changes the way of making an artifact. An example can be: electric light.

Technology management

Today, we live in a society that changes at a frenetic pace. New products appear every day to replace existing ones , making markets very competitive, so that in order to stay in them, constant renewal is necessary. The technological changes happen so fast that has not assimilated the latest technology is already appearing when a new one .

The search for the competitiveness of the productions is a fundamental task for the company. It is necessary to carry out a process of technological innovation from existing resources and materials through the application of science and technology, since innovation constitutes a fundamental aspect for the company through which to achieve an adequate level of management of the technology that enables the acquisition and incorporation of new knowledge to the company. In this way, you can increase your levels of competitiveness and efficiency. In this sense, the need arises to manage innovation and technology effectively in the company .

The authors Pavón and Hidalgo (1997) define innovation and technology management as: “the process aimed at organizing and directing available human, technical and economic resources with the aim of increasing the creation of new knowledge, generating ideas that allow obtaining new products, processes and services or improving existing ones and transferring those same ideas to the manufacturing and commercialization phases. "

The main objective of technological management is to integrate the process of technological change with strategic aspects and decision-making in the company, so we can understand technology as: “a competitive weapon with which to be able to constitute a long-term business strategy . "

The main functions of technology management according to Ávalos (1993) are:

1.            Identification, evaluation and selection of technology.

2.            Disaggregation of technological packages.

3.            Negotiation of technology, construction and start-up of industrial plants.

4.            Use and assimilation of technology.

5.            Generation and commercialization of new technologies.

Information technology management indicators

One of the main aspects to be dealt with in the technological management of the company is the management of information technology . This can be defined as: "the set of tools related to the transmission, processing and digitized storage of information."

The author Juan José Goñi , in his work Talent, technology and time : "The pillars of conscious progress to choose a future, identifies the following groups of indicators to be able to measure the level of technological development of information in the company".

These indicators are:

1.            Infrastructure indicators : evaluation of the existence in the company of different channels of access to information, both internal and external.

2.            Terminals : level of technical equipment of the different jobs of the company.

3.            Services : quality and quantity of the company's information systems (speed, security, etc.).

4.            Contents : refers to the nature of the information, its content (image, text, clients, offers, etc.).

5.            Uses : implementation of new tools for information management. The company's ability to adapt to change is a measure of how the continuous application of technology occurs.

6.            Suppliers : economic amount and own resources that the company invests and / or spends on technology.

Implementation of new technologies

The implementation of new technologies in an organization is not an easy task. In fact, it is one of the challenges that the company has to face if it wants to preserve or acquire a certain competitive advantage . Meeting this challenge entails a review of the fundamental elements of the processes, the mastery of existing resources and materials, and the organization's information. Determining how to plan the different types of technology to be implemented is the task of the top management of the company.

The author Francisco Menchén , in his work Creativity and new technologies in modern organizations , establishes the following strategies to follow in the design and implementation of new technologies in an organization:

1.            The specific technological improvement that is intended must be specified exactly.

2.            The entire organization must be involved.

3.            You must have the necessary instruments and tools.

4.            Workers must feel that mastering new technologies also benefits them.

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